What are motoring conviction codes? And how do they affect car insurance?

Driving license paper counterpart with penalty notices

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Updated Monday, March 21, 2016

As a motorist, there are few things that can fill you with the same feeling of dread as flashing blue lights in the rear view mirror, swiftly followed by a gesture to pull over – even when you know you’ve done nothing wrong! But then given the amount of motoring offences, penalties and conviction codes they have to contend with, there are probably few things that fill police officers with the same feeling of dread as pulling over a dodgy looking driver.

What is a motoring conviction code?

If you commit a driving offence your licence will be endorsed with an offence code and a certain number of penalty points, depending upon the severity of the offence.

 

Offence codes and penalty points stay on your licence for between four and eleven years from the date of the offence, or from the date of your conviction in more serious cases. If the offence is particularly serious then then you may be instantly disqualified from driving. And any endorsement on your licence will push up the price of your car insurance. So, to ensure that we’re all singing from the same rap sheet, here is the shifty-looking line-up, of motoring offences, codes and penalty points…

What are the UK motoring offences, conviction codes & penalty points

Accident offences

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

AC10

Failing to stop after an accident

5-10

4 from offence date

AC20

Failing to give particulars or report an accident within     24 hours

5-10

4 from offence date

AC30

Undefined accident offences

4-9

4 from offence date

Disqualified driver

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

BA10

Driving when disqualified by order out of court

6

4 from offence date

BA30

Attempting to drive while disqualified by order of court

6

4 from offence date

Careless driving

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

CD10

Driving without due care and attention

3-9

4 from offence date

CD20

Driving without reasonable consideration for other road users

3-9

4 from offence date

CD30

Driving without due care and attention or without reasonable consideration for other road users

3-9

4 from offence date

CD40

Causing death by careless driving when unfit through drink

3-11

11 from conviction date

CD50

Causing death by careless driving when unfit through drugs

3-11

11 from conviction date

CD60

Causing death by careless driving with alcohol level above the limit

3-11

11 from conviction date

CD70

Causing death by careless driving then failing to supply a specimen for alcohol analysis

3-11

11 from conviction date

CD80

Causing death by careless, or inconsiderate driving

3-11

4 from conviction date

CD90

Causing death by driving: unlicensed, disqualified or uninsured drivers

3-11

4 from conviction date

Vehicle construction and use offences

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

CU10

Using a vehicle with defective brakes

3

4 from offence date

CU20

Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of use of unsuitable vehicle or using a vehicle with parts or accessories (excluding brakes, steering or tyres) in a dangerous condition

3

4 from offence date

CU30

Using a vehicle with defective tyre(s)

3

4 from offence date

CU40

Using a vehicle with defective steering

3

4 from offence date

CU50

Causing or likely to cause danger by reason of load or passengers

3

4 from offence date

CU80

Breach of requirements as to control of the vehicle, mobile telephone etc.

3

4 from offence date

Reckless/dangerous driving

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

DD10

Causing serious injury by dangerous driving

3-11

4 from conviction date

DD40

Dangerous driving

3-11

4 from conviction date

DD60

Manslaughter or culpable homicide while driving a vehicle

3-11

4 from conviction date

DD80

Causing death by dangerous driving

3-11

4 from conviction date

DD90

Furious driving

3-11

4 from conviction date

Drink or drugs

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

DR10

Driving or attempting to drive with alcohol level above limit

3-11

11 from conviction date

DR20

Driving or attempting to drive while unfit through drink

3-11

11 from conviction date

DR30

Driving or attempting to drive then failing to supply a specimen for analysis

3-11

11 from conviction date

DR31

Driving or attempting to drive then refusing to give permission for analysis of a blood sample that was taken without consent due to incapacity

3-11

11 from conviction date

DR40

In charge of a vehicle while alcohol level above limit

10

4 from offence date

DR50

In charge of a vehicle while unfit through drink

10

4 from offence date

DR60

Failure to provide a specimen for analysis in circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive

10

4 from offence date

DR61

Refusing to give per for analysis of a blood sample that was taken without consent due to incapacity in circumstances other than driving or attempting to drive.

10

11 from conviction date

DR70

Failing to provide specimen for breath test

4

4 from offence date

DR80

Driving or attempting to drive when unfit through drugs

 3 - 11

11 from conviction date

DR90

In charge of a vehicle when unfit through drugs

 10

4 from offence date

Insurance offences

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

IN10

Using a vehicle uninsured against third party risks

6-8

4 from offence date

Licence offences

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

LC20

Driving otherwise than in accordance with a licence

3-6

4 from offence date

LC30

Driving after making a false declaration about fitness when applying for a licence

3-6

4 from offence date

LC40

Driving a vehicle having failed to notify a disability

3-6

4 from offence date

LC50

Driving after a licence has been revoked or refused on medical grounds

3-6

4 from offence date

Miscellaneous offences

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

MS10

Leaving a vehicle in a dangerous position

3

4 from offence date

MS20

Unlawful pillion riding

3

4 from offence date

MS30

Play street offences

2

4 from offence date

MS50

Motor racing on the highway

3-11

4 from offence date

MS60

Offences not covered by other codes (including offences relating to breach of requirements as to control of vehicle)

3

4 from offence date

MS70

Driving with uncorrected defective eyesight

3

4 from offence date

MS80

Refusing to submit and eyesight test

3

4 from offence date

MS90

Failure to give information as to identity of driver, etc.

6

4 from offence date

Motorway offences

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

MW10

Contravention of special road regulations (excluding speed limits)

3

4 from offence date

Pedestrian crossings

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

PC10

Undefined contravention of pedestrian crossing regulations

3

4 from offence date

PC20

Contravention of pedestrian crossing regulations with moving vehicle

3

4 from offence date

PC30

Contravention of pedestrian crossing regulations with stationary vehicle

3

4 from offence date

Speed limits

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

SP10

Exceeding goods vehicle speed limits

3-6

4 from offence date

SP20

Exceeding speed limit for type of vehicle (excluding goods or passenger vehicles)

3-6

4 from offence date

SP30

Exceeding statutory limit on public road

3-6

4 from offence date

SP40

Exceeding passenger vehicle speed limit

3-6

4 from offence date

SP50

Exceeding speed limit on a motorway

3-6

4 from offence date

Traffic direction and signs

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

TS10

Failing to comply with traffic light signals

3

4 from offence date

TS20

Failing to comply with double white lines

3

4 from offence date

TS30

Failing to comply with ‘stop’ sign

3

4 from offence date

TS40

Failing to comply with direction of a constable/warden

3

4 from offence date

TS50

Failing to comply with traffic sign (excluding ‘stop’ signs, traffic lights or double white lines)

3

4 from offence date

TS60

Failing to comply with a school crossing patrol sign

3

4 from offence date

TS70

Undefined failure to comply with a traffic direction sign

3

4 from offence date

Special code

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

TT99

Disqualification under ‘totting up’ – if a you accrue 12 or more penalty points within three years, you can be disqualified

-

4 from conviction date

Theft or unauthorised taking

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

UT50

Aggravated taking of a vehicle

3-11

4 from offence date

'Mutual recognition' codes

An MR code is issued if you’re disqualified from driving in Isle of Man, Northern Ireland or Republic of Ireland.

Code

Offence

Points

Years on licence

MR09

Reckless or dangerous driving (whether or not resulting in death, injury or serious risk)

-

4 from conviction date

MR19

Wilful failure to carry out obligation placed on driver after being involved in a road accident (hit or run)

-

4 from conviction date

MR29

Driving a vehicle while under the influence of alcohol or other substance affecting or diminishing the mental and physical abilities of a driver

-

4 from conviction date

MR39

Driving a vehicle faster than the permitted speed

-

4 from conviction date

MR49

Driving a vehicle while disqualified

-

4 from conviction date

MR59

Other conduct constituting an offence for which a driving disqualification has been imposed by the State of Offence

-

4 from conviction date

What are aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring offences

When you are deemed to have somehow helped another person commit an offence these are known as aiding, abetting, counselling or procuring offences. An example would be if someone to failed to give particulars or report an accident within 24 hours then they would be issued with an AC20 while you, if you helped them in this, would be issued with an AC22. These codes are similar to other codes, the only difference being that the ‘0’ is changed to a ‘2’,

What are causing or permitting offences?

Again, similar to other codes but the number on the code is changed from a ‘0’ to a ‘4’, and these are issued if caused or permitted someone to do this. If someone is found guilty of using a vehicle with defective brakes, then they will be issued with a CU10 while you, if you have somehow caused or permitted this, then you will be given as CU14.

What are inciting offences?

This time the ‘0’ on a code is changed to a ‘6’ and issued if you’ve incited someone to cause and offence. For instance, a DD40 dangerous driving code becomes a DD46.

What are the penalties for new drivers who commit a traffic offence?

If you are a newly qualified driver and you accrue six or more penalty points within the first two years of passing your first driving test you’ll automatically lose your licence. If this happens then you’ll have to apply and pay for a new provisional licence and go through the whole test procedure all over again – passing both your theory and practical test. If, after passing this re-test, you run up another six points, you won’t lose your licence again. However, if you get more than 12 points in three years – remembering that the initial six points will stay on your licence for at least four years – then there’s a  good chance you’ll lose you licence for at least six months. Once you’re past this two-year mark then the rule no longer applies, even if you pass a test in another category of vehicle, for instance a heavy goods vehicle (HGV).

What are the penalties for learner drivers who pick up points on provisional licences?

It’s not just qualified drivers who can rack up the points; if you’re a learner driver then you can also get penalty points on your provisional licence. These points last for three years and count towards the six points total as a newly qualified driver. This means that if you are found guilty of an SP40 offence - exceeding passenger vehicle speed limit – as a leaner and get three points on your licence and then commit the same offence within two years of passing your test, you’ll lose your licence and have to do the whole test all over again! If you accrue six points before passing your test, however, you won’t lose your provisional licence, but pick up any more within two years of passing your test and you’ll lose your licence.

Originally published Tuesday, June 4, 2013

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