Critical illness insurance pays out on diagnosis of one of a number of serious diseases or medical conditions.
Our guide explains all you need to know about this important form of financial protection.
What is critical illness cover?
No-one likes to think they could end up seriously ill, but it makes sense to consider how you and any dependents would cope financially if something traumatic did happen.
If, for example, you were unable to work due to illness, would you still be able to cover the mortgage and all your other living costs?
If you aren’t working – perhaps you stay at home because you have a young family to take care of – how would you afford childcare if you couldn’t look after your children yourself?
Few of us have enough savings in place to provide our dependents with financial security if we are out of the picture due to illness, so it’s worth protecting yourself against such an event.
Critical illness cover is a form of insurance which is designed to pay out a tax-free lump sum in the event that you are diagnosed with a specified illness or medical condition during the term of the policy, therefore providing you with peace of mind that you don’t have to worry about your financial situation at what is already likely to be a stressful time.
You can either take out standalone cover, or you can usually add it to any life insurance policy you buy.
Why do I need critical illness cover?
If you don’t have a significant savings, critical illness cover can provide valuable financial support in the event that you become seriously ill.
You may, for example, use the lump sum to repay all or part of your mortgage, or simply to replace your lost earnings. It could also be used to pay for household bills and other outgoings, or to pay for private medical care or specialist treatment.
Don’t assume that if you don’t have dependents you don’t need cover. If you live on your own, for example, you will need to ensure any rent or mortgage commitments are paid each month.
The last thing you want is to have to worry about keeping the roof over your head when you are unwell, recovering from injury or adapting to incapacity.
What does it cover me for?
Critical illnesses must cover certain ‘core’ conditions, which are cancer, heart attack and stroke.
However, policies vary widely in terms of other conditions they might cover. For example, the most comprehensive policies may cover you for around 40-50 illnesses, including conditions such as multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's, deafness, blindness or loss of limbs.
Always read the small print before buying, so that you understand exactly which illnesses are included, as well as those which aren’t.
What should I consider when buying a critical illness policy?
Although cost will obviously be a factor when choosing a critical illness policy, the cheapest may not necessarily be the best. It’s vital that you opt for a policy which provides comprehensive cover, so always check to see how many conditions are covered.
Bear in mind that policies which seem to cover very unusual illnesses may not be worth paying over the odds for, as you are less likely to claim for one of these conditions.
Look for policies which offer ABI+ Definitions. This means that the critical illness definitions shown on the policy exceed the definition set by the Association of British Insurers (ABI), the trade body for insurance companies.
In theory, this should make it easier to submit a successful claim for that particular condition, as ABI+ definitions are wider than the industry standard.
Many critical illness policies automatically include total & permanent disability cover, but it is sometimes offered as an extra for which you will be charged an additional premium.
If you opt for this cover, it will pay out for any condition which leaves you totally and permanently disabled, even if that condition isn’t listed within the policy.
If you have children, then you may want to consider adding children's critical illness cover to your policy. This will usually pay out a small lump sum, typically between £15,000 and £25,000, if your child is diagnosed with one of the illnesses specified on the policy.
Some policies offer other additional benefits. These can include mastectomy cover, low grade prostate cancer cover, or accidental hospitalisation benefit. All of these may pay out smaller lump sums if you qualify, without affecting your overall benefit.
Don’t confuse critical illness cover with terminal illness cover. Life insurance policies usually include terminal illness cover as standard and so will pay out the sum assured if your doctor has confirmed you have a terminal illness and are likely to die within 12 months.
Critical illness, however, is designed to cover serious health conditions from which you might recover.
Statistically, according to the ABI, we are five times more likely to claim on a critical illness policy than a life insurance policy before the age of 65. As a result, life insurance is less expensive than critical illness cover.
However, even though it might cost more, it could prove invaluable, especially if you know your family would struggle to make ends meet if you couldn’t work due to a serious health condition.